Julian Hochgesang on Unsplash

Heating transition

Driving forward the transformation of the heating sector

Researching goal-oriented instruments for a social just and climate-neutral heating transition in the building sector

There are two important steps to reducing operational emissions in the building sector by 2030 and 2050: reducing the useful energy demand through renovations, and converting heat to renewable energy sources. Emissions in the buildings sector have already fallen by almost half since 1990. However, the decline has slowed in recent years. The reasons for this are stagnating renovation rates and, although the 2020 sectoral target of 14 percent renewable energy was achieved, the need for significant increases in the decarbonisation of heat in the future. The sector is characterised by a variety of private players who need to be considered and addressed. In addition, there are obstacles such as a lack of skilled workers, insufficient economic incentives and the potential risks of social hardship.

The Ariadne project investigates barriers to the transformation of the heating sector and considers which economic, regulatory and informational instruments can be used to overcome them. These include the economic boundary conditions for renewable heating systems and heating network infrastructure, as well as various issues around building renovation, especially with regard to social compatibility. Together with stakeholders from the real estate sector, politics and society, Ariadne examines which instruments can efficiently advance a change in the building sector and identifies actions to effect a socially just and climate-neutral transition in the heating sector.